Encyclopedia Britannica | Britannica

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“People Are Really Good at Heart”On June 12, Anne Frank would have turned 91 years old. Although her life was tragically cut short in a Nazi concentration camp, she has become an enduring symbol of hope and humanity.Anne FrankLearn why Frank's story continues to resonate more than 75 years after her death. “I hope you will be a great source of comfort”A birthday gift, Frank’s diary became a classic of war literature and one of the most widely read books in the world.Otto FrankThe only member of the Frank family to survive the Holocaust, he oversaw the publication of Anne’s diary.Tour the Anne Frank HouseIn 1960 the Frank family’s hiding place in Amsterdam opened as a museum, and today more than a million people visit it each year.Swastikas on the Arc de TriompheOn June 12, 1940, with Nazi armies closing on the French capital, Paris was declared to be an open city. No resistance would be offered to the invaders, and it was hoped that the City of Lights would be spared the widespread destruction that was visited upon Rotterdam. Two days later, the French army evacuated Paris and within hours the Germans occupied the city.Paris FallsTest Your Knowledge of World War IIVichy France Antonyms and Synonyms You may know that opposites attract and likes repel, but how much do you know about synonyms and antonyms? Turn your knowledge...New on BritannicaHow Do Face Masks Control the Spread of Disease?Thanks to the COVID-19 pandemic, face masks have become a critical form of personal protection not just for doctors, nurses, and patients but for ordinary people out for a walk or off to pick up groceries. But do face masks really protect against the spread of infectious respiratory diseases? And, if so, just how effective are they?How is the U.S. Unemployment Rate Calculated?There are various ways of defining “unemployed,” each yielding a distinct unemployment rate. The standard unemployment rate, referred to as U-3, is the one most often cited, but there’s also what is often called the “real” unemployment rate, or U-6. Get your head around it here. Entertainment & Pop Culture Entertainment and leisure activities have been a part of all cultures in one form or another since the ancient times, whether the activity in question involved participating in a dance performance, attending a Broadway show, going to a music festival, or watching a movie. Featured Another Academy Awards Quiz Think you know everything about the Oscars? Take this... Women in Classic Cinema Quiz What’s the definitive Rita Hayworth film? Who played... Geography & Travel Planet Earth contains some extraordinarily diverse environments, some of which are easily habitable and some not so much. In different areas of Earth, one might find sweltering deserts, dense tropical rainforests, or bone-chilling tundras. Each biome and habitat comes with its own selection of flora and fauna, and it may include physical features such as canyons, volcanoes, rivers, or caves. Human beings have built homes in many different environments, settling the area and organizing it into units such as cities, states, regions, and countries, each with its own points of interest. Shifting trends in human migration have resulted in a human geography that is profoundly different from that of centuries ago. Featured How Do Deserts Form? What weather conditions cause deserts to form? Health & Medicine The study of the human mind and body, how these function, and how they interact—not only with each other but also with their environment—has been of utmost importance in ensuring human well-being. Research on potential treatments and preventive medicine has expanded greatly with the development of modern medicine, and a network of disciplines, including such fields as genetics, psychology, and nutrition, aims to facilitate the betterment of our health. Featured Human Body: Fact or Fiction? How deep is your body of knowledge about the inner... Human Bones Quiz Without bones, the human body would have a great fall... Lifestyles & Social Issues It's easy enough to agree that human beings all around the world have certain basic requirements that must be fulfilled in order to ensure their individual and collective well-being. History has shown us, however, that it's not so easy to form societies or communities that fulfill these requirements for all members. The fight over human and civil rights has persisted for hundreds of years and remains alive today, both within the borders of nations and on an international scale. It has led to large-scale social movements and reforms concerning issues such as suffrage, slavery, women's rights, racial discrimination, environmentalism, gay rights, and more. Featured Civil Rights Act of 1964 The Civil Rights Act, one of the most important laws... Eid al-Fitr The Muslim festival of Eid al-Fitr, which marks the... Literature With the development of language, the human imagination has found a way to create and communicate through the written word. A literary work can transport us into a fictional, fantastic new world, describe a fleeting feeling, or simply give us a picture of the past through novels, poems, tragedies, epic works, and other genres. Through literature, communication becomes an art, and it can bridge and bond people and cultures of different languages and backgrounds. Featured Literary Terms (Part One) Quiz Do you know what a tercet is? How about the term for... Literary Terms: A Pop Quiz Here’s a very short, very difficult quiz to test how... Philosophy & Religion Humans have long pondered not only how we came to be, but also why we came to be. The earliest Greek philosophers focused their attention upon the origin and nature of the physical world; later philosophers have theorized about the nature of knowledge, truth, good and evil, love, friendship, and much more. Thus, philosophy involves a methodical assessment of any and all aspects of human existence and experience. The realms of philosophy and religion have sometimes intersected in conducting inquiries such as these. As with philosophy, the study of religion underscores how humankind has long speculated about its origins. The possibility of a higher being (or beings) to which livings things owe their existence has long captived human thought. Many religions also offer their own views on the nature of good and evil, and they may prescribe guidelines and judgment on different kinds of human behavior. Featured Islam How much do you know about the Prophet Muhammad? How... The Axial Age: 5 Fast Facts Enlighten yourself about a period of enlightenment. Politics, Law & Government The world today is divided territorially into more than 190 countries, each of which possesses a national government that claims to exercise sovereignty and seeks to compel obedience to its will by its citizens. Governments can be classified in any number of ways. For example, they might be classified by the number of rulers, thus distinguishing government by one (as in a monarchy or a tyranny) from government by the few (in an aristocracy or oligarchy) and from government by the many (as in a democracy). Governments can also be classified by mode of succession; for example, ascension to governmental leadership may follow the rules of hereditary succession, or it may be determined through elections or by force. Governments also vary in terms of the laws and rules of conduct that each political entity follows. Featured Amendments to the U.S. Constitution Which amendment is which? Match the amendment number... Science How can the sky be blue one day and stormy the next? Why do heavy objects tend to fall downwards when dropped? How are birds able to fly (and why can’t I do the same?)? Human beings have long been curious about the world in which we live, striving to identify connections among the phenomenons we witness and to understand how it all works. The field of science has developed over many centuries as a way of studying and understanding the world, beginning with the primitive stage of simply noting important regularities in nature and continuing through the rise of modern science. The modern-day sciences cover a vast range of fields, including biology, chemistry, meteorology, astronomy, physics, and much more. Featured Physics: Fact or Fiction? Was Isaac Newton inspired to think about gravity by... Sports & Recreation Physical contests and recreational games have long played a part in human society. In both team and solo sports, the human body has been pushed to its limits in the name of improving athletic performance and to break record upon record. The ancient Olympic Games are an early example of the contests in which humans have engaged to showcase physical prowess. In modern times, sports and games have evolved into a lucrative and competitive industry, while other leisure activities, such as card and video games, can be competitive or can just be a way to unwind or socialize. Featured Olympics: Cycling Get the scoop on cycling in the 2016 Olympics and learn... Olympics: Is Rio Ready? In August 2016 Rio de Janeiro becomes the first South... Technology Humankind has long striven to improve its living conditions through the development of tools, instruments, and transportation and communications systems, all with the goal of making our lives easier, more productive and—why not—more fun, too! Thanks to human curiosity and technological research, many significant inventions have been made throughout history that in turn made a difference in our daily lives. Featured Visual Arts These are the arts that meet the eye and evoke an emotion through an expression of skill and imagination. They include the most ancient forms, such as painting and drawing, and the arts that were born thanks to the development of technology, like sculpture, printmaking, photography, and installation art, the latter a combination of multiple creative expressions. Though beauty is in the eye of the beholder, different eras in art history have had their own principles to define beauty, from the richly ornamented taste of the Baroque to the simple, utilitarian style of the Prairie School. Featured Stanley Kubrick Do you think you know about the films of Stanley Kubrick?... World History Does history really repeat itself, or can we learn from the mistakes of those who came before us? History provides a chronological, statistical, and cultural record of the events, people, and movements that have made an impact on humankind and the world at large throughout the ages. Investigating the causes and results of past events is critically important in gaining a full understanding and perspective of present-day issues. Featured Which Battle? Quiz In which battle were Antony and Cleopatra decisively... Historic Firsts Quiz There’s a first time for everything—and there’s a lot... Ask an Editor: Britannica Beyond Questions are an important way for people to learn concepts, to solve problems, and to challenge ideas. We’ve created a new place where questions are at the center of our learning. Go ahead. Ask. We won’t mind. Advocacy for Animals A Temporary End to Canadian Commercial Seal HuntHarp seals have been targets of Canada’s seal industry for centuries, but they are receiving a bit of a reprieve in 2020 due to the coronavirus outbreak. While the author of this piece expects that the seal hunt will resume when... Alain Elkann Interviews Alain has been writing a weekly interview column for the Italian newspaper La Stampa since 1989. His interviews celebrate some of the best known and successful personalities of the present day. Inspire your inbox Sign up for daily fun facts about this day in history, updates, and special offers. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Click here to view our Privacy Notice. Easy unsubscribe links are provided in every email. Thank you for subscribing! Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.

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